Every year, people killed by heart diseases are more compared to all forms of cancer put together. Among the broad spectrum of cardiovascular or heart diseases, coronary heart diseases contribute significantly to the mortality rate. Coronary heart diseases are becoming a common day problem with ever mounting work pressure, sedentary lifestyle and the stress contributed to build socio-economic status. It is not uncommon for people to visit a food joint almost every day to treat their taste buds with fried and processed foods. But they seldom realize the consequences.
Coronary heart diseases are caused due to the build-up of plaques in blood vessels and heart resulting in the thickening of blood vessels, making it difficult for the blood to get pumped to various parts of the body. This damage can lead to heart attack, stroke or even death. Cardiovascular diseases, in general, can also cause stress, weakness, chest pain and being short of breath disrupting the normal way of life.
There are several other factors leading to coronary heart diseases. Some can be brought under control with medications or lifestyle changes, while some cannot be controlled. Age, ethnicity, heredity and medical history include the uncontrollable risk factors.
Men and women experience heart attacks differently and sometimes, people having a heart attack confuse their symptoms with something less serious. Pain in the chest or upper abdomen, shortness of breath,dizziness,extreme fatigue, breaking into a cold sweat, pressure in the upper back include some of the symptoms of a heart attack.
The present day technology has increased the awareness of the people about cardiovascular diseases. Gone are the days when time was sought to decide the fate of people suffering from cardiovascular diseases. With the present day technology and advancements in the medical arena, treating such diseases is no challenge. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional immediately if a person or any of his family members experience potential signs of heart failures.
An interventional cardiologist can come in as a great savior when consulted at the right time. An interventional cardiologist can perform various procedures like angioplasty, valvuloplasty, congenital heart defect correction, percutaneous valve replacement, percutaneous valve repair and coronary thrombectomy. The main advantage of interventional cardiology is the avoidance of scar and pain along with long post-operative recovery.
Primary angioplasty, an intervention cardiology procedure is now the standard for acute myocardial infarctions. It involves extraction of the clots from blocked arteries and deployment of “stents” and balloons through a small hole in a major artery. This has given it a name called “pin-hole” surgery.